HEC Priority Areas_HEC National Conference

HEC Priority Subjects/Areas identified through National Conference


Veterinary Sciences

  • Quality assurance, quality control, food safety and hygiene for livestock products
  • Value addition in livestock products
  • Reducing use of antibiotic in animal health management to enhance export of livestock products
  • Value chain development and market linkages establishment
  • Genetic improvement in livestock breeds
  • Genetic adaptations to meet growing demands in livestock products
  • Economical feed production using indigenous resources for efficient milk and meat production
  • Improved feeding systems' adaptations at local livestock farmers
  • New technological advancement in livestock feeding
  • Rural / domestic poultry farming for enhanced socio-economic benefit of rural communities
  • Improved livestock management practices for enhanced productivity
  • Developing and implementing disease surveillance system
  • Developing local economical and effective vaccines
  • Developing standard disease handling protocols
  • Developing advanced clinical approaches to handle livestock diseases having major economic impact
  • Strengthening field clinical services for animals
  •  Developing new methods of disease diagnostics through technological advancements
  • Genetic modifications and use of molecular biological and biotechnological advancements in enhancing livestock productivity
  • Economic evaluation of livestock businesses
  • Value chain and marketing models for livestock products.
  • Human resource development and management for livestock businesses particularly for commercial sectors to enhance investments.
  • Biological Sciences

Research in Biological sciences is required in the following areas keeping in view above research perspectives.

•    Mechanisms of intracellular membrane trafficking

•    Physiological regulation of the secretory pathway

•    Regulation of cell motility and Subcellular imaging

•    Biogenesis of organelles and membrane compartments

•    Programmed cell death and Cell fate determination

•    Embryonic development of multicellular animals

•    Signal transduction and cytoskeletal organization

•    Tissue morphogenesis and Gene regulatory networks

•    Early embryo patterning

•    Evolutionary developmental biology

•    Genomes and genomics


Medical Sciences

Genomic sciences/ Personalized Genomic Medicine , Translational Medical science, Stem Cell Research, Cancer Epidemiology, Muscular Skeletal disorder, Regenerative medicine

Medical Robotics, Genomics and Proteomics, Nano Medicines, Bio Sensors, Medical Apps

Clinical and nursing Research,            Bioinformatics & Medical Databases


Physical Sciences



          Astrophysics, Atmospheric physics, Computational, Materials, Particle, Plasma physics

          Biomechanics, bio Photonics

          Cosmology

          Electromagnetism

          Geophysics

          Nano Technology

          Vacuum Physics

          Medical physics

          Optics, Polymer physics, Solid state physics, Theoretical physics

          Space Sciences

          Physics Oceanography



          Computer Sciences

          Algorithms and Computational Complexity

          Applications of Artificial Intelligence

          Computational Biology

          Computational Neuroscience

          Computer Graphics

          Computer Systems

          Data Mining

          Data Visualization

          Digital System Design

          Distributed Systems

          Hardware Design And Implementation

          Introduction To Artificial Intelligence

          Neurobotics

          Parallel Algorithms, Grid Computing

          Randomized Algorithms And Probabilistic Analysis

          Software Engineering

          Software For Embedded Systems

          The Hardware/software Interface

          Robotic Cryptography


          Abstract Algebra

          Analysis

          Applied Mathematics

          Classical Mechanics

          Complex Analysis

          Computational Geometry

          Computer Algebra / Cryptology

          Differential Geometry

          Discrete Mathematics

          Dynamical Systems

          Fluid Dynamics

          Fluid Mechanics

          Industrial Mathematics

          Linear & Nonlinear Programming

          Linear and Matrix Algebra

          Mathematical Biology

          Modelling and Simulations

          Multivariable Calculus

          Numerical Analysis

          Optimization Theory

          Ordinary Differential Equations

          Partial Differential Equations

          Real Analysis

          Topology

          Trigonometry

          Financial mathematics

          Algebraic Geometry

          Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences

          Advanced Igneous Petrology

          Analytical Techniques for Studying Environmental and Geologic Samples

          Atmosphere, Ocean and Climate Dynamics

          Atmospheric Chemistry

          Atmospheric Physics and Chemistry

          Atmospheric Radiation

          Basics of Impact Cratering & Geological, Geophysical, Geochemical, Environmental Studies 

          Dynamics of Complex Systems: Biological and Environmental Coevolution Preceding the Cambrian Explosion

          Environmental Earth Science

          Field Geology I

          Fluid Dynamics of the Atmosphere and Ocean

          Geodynamics

          Global Climate Change: Economics, Science, and Policy

          Global Warming Science

          GPS: Where Are You?

          Introduction to Astronomy

          Introduction to Geology

          Introduction to Observational Physical Oceanography

          Introduction to Seismology

          Marine Chemistry

          Modeling Environmental Complexity

          Oral Communication in the Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences

          Petrology

          Principles of the Global Positioning System

          Sedimentary Geology

          Structural Geology

          Structure of Earth Materials

          The Environment of the Earth's Surface

          The Solar System

          Thermodynamics for Geoscientists

          Trace-Element Geochemistry

          Turbulence in the Ocean and Atmosphere

          Mountain Hydrology, National Disaster Management

          Water Management

          Dimension stone geology


          Algorithms for Inference, Inferential Statistics

          Applied Spatial Statistics

          Applied Statistics

          Data analysis

          Data and Models

          Data Mining and Analysis

          Data Mining and Machine Learning

          Data Mining: Finding the Data and Models that Create Value

          Decision Theory

          Econometrics

          Financial Models and Statistical Methods in Risk Management

          Information theory

          Introduction to Bayesian Analysis/Statistics

          Multivariate Statistics

          Nonparametric Statistics

          Probability and Statistics

          Reliability and Validity

          Statistical Method in Economics

          Stochastic Processes

          Time Series Analysis

          Sampling Analysis

          Actuarial Sciences

          Risk Analysis


Arts & Humanities

  • Folklore, music, dance, puppetry, indigenous sports and festivals
  • Promotion of indigenous craft and its development to boost cottage industry (wood craft, metal craft, ceramics, textiles, embroidery, musical instruments makings and jewelry).
  • Community development
  • Community awareness
  • Development of infrastructure in the society
  • Harmony in the different sects of the society
  • Civic sense
  • Media ethics and law
  • Citizen responsible role
  • Population education
  • Philosophy of Law
  • Focus on improving design education for communication, Industry (furniture, ceramics, shoe, knitwear, textile, carpet, Automobile and other gadgets)
  • Role of Women in Media
  • Theatre crafts

Business Education

The group came up with that the following core areas that need to be negotiated with strong and timely planning for national coherence and unanimity. 

  • Introduction of Doctorate in Business Administration.
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Operational Management
  • Islamic Banking
  • Venture Financing
  • Franchising
  • Brand Management Development
  • Project Management
  • Corporate Governance
  • International Finance
  • Supply Chain Management
  • Product designing



Priority Areas for Future Research

  • Human security
  • Armed violence
  • Extremism
  • Public safety and security
  • Water and energy security
  • Pakistan's economic growth trajectory
  • Governance
  • Rise of China and India: Implications for Pakistan
  • Pakistan's role in changing world order
  • Pakistan's changing demographics
  • Future role of media
  • Future role of Pakistani diaspora
  • Role of IT sector
  • Archaeology and Tourism

    Specific areas of research within the broader field
  • Social & Public Policy
  • Medical Anthropology for improved public health
  • Civil Engagement in Higher Education
  • Cyber Anthropology
  • Visual Anthropology and advocacy
  • Applied Anthropology
  • Anthropology of Religion
  • Development Anthropology

Particular title of research

  • Using Anthropological lens to enhance the socio-economic conditions in Pakistan.


Specific areas of research within the broader field

  • Cultural Heritage Management
  • Museums Management Studies
  • Cultural heritage & Tourism in Pakistan
  • Landscape / Settlement Archaeology
  • Environmental Archaeology
  • Field Archaeology
  • Prehistory & Study of Inscriptions discovered from different archaeological sites of  Pakistan
  • Study of Civilizations (Stone ages in Pakistan, Indus Civilization & The Harappan Culture, Vedic Period & Gandhara Civilization,  Muslim Civilization)
  • Natural Sciences and Archaeology, Conservation, Zooarchaeology, Archaeobotany, Chemistry and Archaeology, Palenology, Forensic Archaeology.

Particular title of research

Promotion of Tourism: Archaeological Explorations and Excavations in Pakistan


Specific areas of research within the broader field

  • Rural and Remote Mental Health and related issues
  • Group Dynamics and Functioning of communities (Issues, Problems, Strengths of Mountainous/Rural/Urban Societies)
  • Globalization and Cultural identity
  • Globalization and Development Rural Sociology
  • Socio-Cultural Anthropology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Counseling (Career)


Specific areas of research within the broader field

  • Education Policy, Planning and Management
  • Assessment Practices and Evaluation at Different levels
  • Technical and Vocational Education
  • Professional Development, Approaches and Practices
  • Education:  Relevance and Equity
  • Curriculum Development
  • Global trends in education
  • Comparative Education
  • Teaching Pedagogics

    Particular title of research
  • Quality and Equity in educational governance.
  • Supporting schools through university-school partnership for STEM (Science, technology, engineering, math) education.
  • Teaching Strategy related to learning, psychological needs of students.
  • New trends in Assessment.
  • Teachers subject content knowledge and professional development.
  • Technological literacies in Teacher Education.
  • A conceptual framework for developing university – industry relationship.
  • Developing a model for academic entrepreneurship through university-industry partnership.
  • Existing formative assessment practices; Development of formative assessment competencies among teachers of different levels.
  • Re-engineering teacher education programs keeping in view the global trends in teacher education.
  • Comparison of curricula of school and university education in Pakistan with curricula of developed countries.
  • Promoting good citizenship competence in Pakistani students keeping in view the experiences of developed countries.
  • Promoting national cohesion in national curriculum through consensus.
  • Designing curriculum according to contextualized multiple intelligences for higher education level.
  • Developing curricula for global citizenship.
  • Constructive instructional model for teaching at higher education level.
  • Stakeholders' perceptions about national standards for curriculum with reference to socio-economic needs of the country.

Specific areas of research within the broader field

  • Impacts of Climate Change
  • Sustainability and related issues
  • Frequency of hazards and mitigation measures
  • Climatology and Meteorology including paleoclimate studies
  • Flood hazards modelling
  • Urban Geography and Management Issues
  • Land and water resource management in mountains and plain

Particular title of research

  • Water resources and temperature changes
  • Frequency of floods and damages both in plain and mountainous areas
  • Management of available resource at village level
  • Impact of climate change on agriculture and water resources


Specific areas of research within the broader field

  • Revisionist Approach to History Writing
  • Issues on Governance / State Functioning
  • Histography/ Philosophy of History
  • Multi- disciplinary research focusing Pakistan
  • Re-structuring of political ideology and system
  • Regional history of the areas which are part of Pakistan
  • Specialization on China, U.S and European History


    Particular title of Research
  • Sectarianism and National Integration in Pakistan: Search for a recipe of conciliation.
  • Culture, ethnicity, movements, issues of governance and democracy.
  • The British Motives behind not settling the fate of Princely States of India: A case study of the Jammu & Kashmir.
  • Pakistan's relations with the major powers - cost and benefit analysis.
  • A historical view of changing facets of Pakistan's role in the regional organizations.
  • Socio-economic development in Pakistan: Learning from the past experiences.
  • The element of trust deficit in Pak – US relations: Search for a recipe amidst ideological differences.
  • Creating an accommodative structure for legislature and politics.

    Specific areas of research within the broader field
  • Conflict Resolution
  • Terrorism and its Implications
  • Challenges of Extremism, Sectarianism and Armed Violence
  • Nuclear Issues and Non-Traditional Security
  • Energy Security in Pakistan
  • Pak-China Economic Corridor
  • Regional and international Economic Cooperation
  • Globalization and its impact on Local Culture
  • International Political Economy
  • International Law
  • Pak-India Relations; Kashmir Issue, Glaciers and Water resources issues
  • Central Asian Studies
  • China and Gwadar Port
  • Foreign Policy of Pakistan
  • Forced Migration studies
  • Community Conflicts
  • Corruption and Accountability

    Particular title of research
  • Emergence of ISIS in Middle East: Implications for South Asia.
  • The War on Terror: Pukhtun culture and terrorism in FATA.
  • Trust and Mistrust: A case of Pak-Afghan Relations.
  • Global internal displacement: A case of Pakistan.
  • Water Dispute between India and Pakistan.
  • Civil Military Relationship: Implications for Democracy.
  • Vibrant Judiciary, Challenges and Implications.
  • Corruption and Accountability; Challenges for Governance.
  • Middle Eastern Issues; Oil Politics and Security.

Specific areas of research within the broader field

  • Peace Journalism conflict sensitivity and promotion
  • Technology, education and the role of media
  • Globalization and its effects on media society
  • Representing Pakistan in the Global Media
  • Media, Policy making and Regulations Communication Ethics
  • Health Communication
  • Electronic Journalism
  • Cultural and Intercultural Communication
  • Development Support Communication
  • Media and Governance
  • Film analysis and Production
  • Advertising and Public Relations

Specific areas of research within the broader field

  • Fundamental and International Human Rights
  • International Trade and Economic Law
  • Alternate Dispute Resolution (ADR)
  • Legal Education System in Pakistan
  • Judicial System in Pakistan and access to Justice
  • Law Curriculum
  • Law; Trade and Justice
  • Intellectual Property Rights

Particular title of research

  • The Reformation in the Judicial System of Pakistan
  • The Reformation of Legal Education System in Pakistan
  • Economic assistance and international trade through legal and political empowerment
  • Trade law and Intellectual Property - Implementation of UN Conventions and Obligations
  • Law Studies; Curriculum design as per indigenous needs


Specific areas of research within the broader field

  • Digital Libraries & Networking
  • Library Management
  • Online usage of Library

Specific areas of research within the broader field

  • Cognitive Sciences and Philosophy
  • Philosophy of Religion/Comparative Study of Religion
  • Muslim Modernist Thinkers
  • Iqbal and Muslim Modernist Philosophy
  • Ijtihad
  • Human Rights, Ethics and Political Philosophy
  • Feminist Philosophy of Pakistan
  • Environmentalism
  • Western Philosophy
  • Epistemology
  • Metaphysics

Particular title of research

  • Islam and the role of Reason
  • Mind-Body dualism
  • Environmental Ethics


Specific areas of research within the broader field

  • Peace and Conflict Resolution
  • Political Integration and Social Harmony
  • Radicalism, Extremism and Fundamentalism
  • War & Security, Foreign Policy and Diplomacy
  • Governance, leadership, Administrative Management and Corruption
  • Democratization, Constitutional and Parliamentary affairs
  • New Economic Trends, Political Economy and poverty
  • Women Empowerment


    Particular title of research

  • Changing Patter of Women Politics in Traditional Society: A Case Study of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
  • FATA: Tribal Transformation in Pakistan- A Case Study of Mahsud Tribe.

Specific areas of research within the broader field

  • Psychology of peace and terrorism
  • Attitude change in society
  • Family Psychology & Counseling
  • Community development
  • Cross Cultural Psychology
  • Emotional & behavioral Problems and development of children & adolescents and mothers
  • Indigenous screening tests for abnormal behavior, employee selection & training
  • Indigenous methods for treatment of psychological disorders
  • Public acceptance of emerging technologies
  • Learners with special needs/ mood disorders
  • Stress management among senior citizens
  • Organizational behavior of the employers and employees, Work engagement
  • Personality development of adolescents
  • Prevention and intervention strategies for psychopathology
  • Employee Training & Development and conflict resolution in Teamwork
  • Latest advance in measurement and Analysis f or psychology
  • Behavioral Nano-sciences
  • Gerontology
  • Agricultural Psychology
  •  Environmental Psychology
  • Sports Psychology


    Particular title of research
  • Psychological impact of war and terror
  • Internal displacement: incidence of depression
  • Assessment of effectiveness of international plan for crisis situation
  • Identification of population characteristics for psychological problems
  • Curriculum: cognitive maturity
  • Assessment of behavioral problem/adjusted problems of adolescents
  • Development and validation of indigenous family therapy modules
  • Psychological ownership, organizational commitment, and organizational performance in middle managers and project leaders
  • Decision-making styles and acceptance of innovative technologies in small scale farmers of Pakistan
  • Impact of loneliness and social relationships on the quality of life of senior citizens
  • Assessment procedures for screening high school students with emotional and behavioral problems
  • Water-conserving behaviors & strategies in water-scarce areas in Pakistan
  • Role of rumination & forgiveness in Coronary heart diseases
  • Public awareness and acceptance of Nano-products in Pakistan
  • Development of non-verbal intelligence scale for adolescents
  • Control of Crime Rates by Implementing Personality Traits
  • Controlling Anxiety Level of Players

    Specific areas of research within the broader field
  • Public Policy issues and Governance
  • Development Studies
  • E-Governance
  • Theories of Governance
  • Local and community models of development

    Particular title of research
  • IDPs, war on terror, counter-radicalization

    Specific areas of research within the broader field
  • Approaches to the Study of Religion
  • Management of Mosques, Trusts and Endowments
  • Intra-Muslim Relation for Constructive Engagement
  • The Impact of Globalization on Ethics
  • Ethical Issues in Science and Technology
  • Feministic Elements within Religion
  • Comparative studies of Religions
  • Interfaith Harmony
  • Concept of Governance in Islam
  • Revealed and non-Revealed Religions a comparative study
  • Misunderstanding and its solution in the light of Shariah
  • Religious Codes of Professional Ethics and Harassment at working place
  • Success and failure of Islamic Banking
  • Intertextuality of religious texts
  • Study of religious through different approaches (Psychological, Social)
  • International Relations and religions

    Particular title of research
  • The Study of Islam in terms of Religion, Community and Civilization and its Global Interaction.
  • The impact of religion on human behaviors during last ten years.
  • Implementation of Islamic banking system.
  • Need of Economic Justice.
  • Tax System of Islam in the light of Pakistani Economic System.
  • Study of Islamic Banking in Europe and Americas.
  • Contemporary Issues and Challenges in the Muslim World.
  • Islam and Pluralism.
  • Postmodern Philosophy of Religion.
  • A Comparative Study of Religious Ethics.
  • The Study of Issues challenging the Credibility of Islam: Myths and Facts.
  • Islamic Perspective of Gender Issues and Family Life.
  • Our Economic System in the light of Islam: Implementation of Islamic teaching in the system.
  • Religious Economic Introspective dialogue to explore the dimensions regarding religious Tolerance

    Specific areas of research within the broader field

  • Loopholes in the Welfare system of Pakistan
  • Issues Pertaining to Criminal Justice
  • Peace and Conflict
  • Population Studies
  • Development Studies

    Particular title of research
  • Evolving Cultural based Conflict Resolution Strategies.
  • Encouraging inter-faith dialogue in pluralistic society of Pakistan.
  • Police Training on Counter Terrorism Strategies in Pakistan.
  • The state of Child rights in Pakistan.
  • Social Security System of Pakistan.
  • Rehabilitation of Offenders.


    Specific areas of research within the broader field
  • Crime & criminality
  • Sociology of Security
  • Race, ethnicity and minority
  • Over population & Management
  • Gender inequalities in social life
  • Public Health & Community Development
  • Food insecurity
  • Changing Family Pattern
  • Youth and social problems
  • Urban & Rural Sociology
  • Political Sociology
  • Social Demography
  • Sociology of Mass Media
  • Modern Sociology & Changing prospects
  • Environmental Sociology
  • Sociology of Development
  • Sociology of Environment
  • Road Safely in Pakistan
  • Migration Studies

    Particular title of research
  • Impacts of Militancy in war affected areas.
  • Role of Mass Media in Bringing Social Change in Society.
  • Cultural Problems and Nomadic Societies.
  • Impacts of Population Movement and Economic Development.
  • Social Welfare and Progressive Society.
  • Causes and Consequences of over population.
  • Urbanization: Causes and control strategies.
  • Gender Issues Regarding Changing Family Pattern.
  • Socio economic factors affecting material health care utilization.
  • Impact of social teams' formation.
  • Social inequality and its changing prospects.
  • Social Construction of technological system.
  • Road Accident and its socio-economic impact.
  • Inheritance in Property: Gender Discrimination Practices


  • Development Studies
  • Equity and equality
  • Dynamics of terrorism and extremist attitudes
  • Dynamic of development and its inter-disciplinarily
  • Dynamics of grass-roots level development
  • Determinants of conflict
  • Measurement of Poverty
  • Multidimensional indicators
  • Livelihood indexation
  • Segregation of gender based data
  • Gender sensitive planning and budgeting
  • Environmental conservation
  • Participation and social inclusion
  • Advocacy and social mobilization
  • Strategies for controlling population explosion
  • Strategic implications of demographic trends in Pakistan
  • Assessing the socioeconomic and environmental factors for child nutritional status in Pakistan
  • Anthropological approach to social equalities
  • Economics
  1. Core Areas
  • Macro Economics
  • Micro Economics
  • Econometrics
  1. Specialized Subjects
  • Development Economics
  • Monetary Economics
  • International Economics
  • Public Economics/ Public Finance
  • Labor Economics
  • Financial Economics
  1. Policy Areas
  • Agriculture Economics
  • Economics of Water Resources
  • Energy Economics
  • Institutional Economics
  • Economics of Education
  • Industrial Economics


    The members of the Economics group after through deliberation has identified following specific areas of research in Economics:
  • Energy Pricing, Energy Demands/Supply, Alternative Energy Sources Sustainable.
  • Development Goals (SDGs), related Areas.
  • Agricultural productivity/pricing/food security.
  • Revenue generation, expenditure rationalization, NFC award.
  • Human capital development.
  • Economic and strategic benefits of CPEC to Pakistan.
  • Trans boundary issues relating to water distribution in Pakistan.
  • Transactional Cost and its impact on agricultural markets.
  • Effects of structural transformation on growth and poverty alleviation.
  • Poverty alleviation through human and social capital.
  • Impact of social entrepreneurship on poverty alleviation.



Priority wise trends in Higher Education (Each subject will be considered under its own discipline)

  • Renewable Energy
  • New Materials
  • Molecular & Cellular Sciences
  • Technology & Innovation Management
  • Nano Technology
  • Medical Engineering & Medical Physics
  • E-Governance & Management
  • Environmental Engg Management
  • Sc. Tech & Innovation Policy
  • Cyber Security
  • Robotics
  • Earth Sciences
  • System Design & Development
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Bioinformatics
  • Forensic Sciences